ration

ration
ration n Ration, allowance, dole, pittance denote the amount of food, supplies, or money allotted to an individual.
Ration implies apportionment and, often, equal sharing. Specifically it is applied in military and naval use to the daily supply of provisions given each man, and in stock- breeding to the daily or periodical supply of food for each animal. In these uses it generally implies dietary variety and restricted amounts of each food. When used of a particular food or commodity (as meat or gasoline) it implies a shortage in the supply and a limitation on the amount allowed each person.
Allowance, though often interchangeable with ration, is wider in its range of application. Both imply restriction in amount, but allowance stresses granting rather than sharing and is applicable to money and many other things besides food or commodities
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a daily allowance of tobacco for the old pensioners

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a schoolboy's weekly allowance

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the court determines an heir's allowance during his minority

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Dole tends to imply a grudging division and needy or sometimes grasping recipients
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cold charity's unwelcome doleShelley

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no rich man's largess may suffice his soul, nor are the plundered succored by a dole—E. V. Cooke

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In current, chiefly British, use dole is applied to a payment to unemployed workers, whether in the form of relief or insurance, by the national government.
Pittance is likely to suggest, or even stress, scantiness or meagerness. It is applicable to a ration, an allowance, a dole, or a wage, the context usually making the reference clear
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and gained, by spinning hemp, a pittance for herself— Wordsworth

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in England, such a dowry would be a pittance, while elsewhere it is a fortune— Byron

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Analogous words: apportionment, portioning or portion (see corresponding verbs at APPORTION): sharing or share, partici-pation, partaking (see corresponding verbs at SHARE)
ration vb *apportion, portion, prorate, parcel
Analogous words: divide, *distribute, dispense, deal, dole: *share, partake, participate

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Synonyms:
(of food or drink),


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ration — Ration …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • ration — [ rasjɔ̃ ] n. f. • 1643; « solde de militaire » XIIIe; lat. ratio « compte, évaluation » 1 ♦ Portion journalière (de vivres et de boissons) distribuée à chaque homme, dans l armée. Recevoir, toucher sa ration de pain, de viande, de tabac.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Ration — Sf std. (17. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus frz. ration, dieses aus ml. ratio ( onis) berechneter Anteil , aus l. ratio ( ōnis) Berechnung, Vernunft , zu l. rērī (ratus sum) meinen, glauben, urteilen . Verb: rationieren; Adjektiv: rationell.… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Ration — »zugewiesener Anteil, Menge; täglicher Verpflegungssatz (besonders der Soldaten)«: Das seit dem Ende des 17. Jh.s bezeugte, zunächst nur der Heeressprache angehörende Fremdwort ist aus gleichbed. frz. ration entlehnt, das auf mlat. ratio… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • ration — [rash′ən, rā′shən] n. [MFr < ML ratio, ration < L, a reckoning: see REASON] 1. a fixed portion; share; allowance 2. a fixed allowance or allotment of food or provisions, esp. a fixed daily allowance, as for a soldier 3. [pl.] food or food… …   English World dictionary

  • Ration — Ra tion (r[=a] sh[u^]n or r[a^]sh [u^]n), n. [F., fr. L. ratio a reckoning, calculation, relation, reference, LL. ratio ration. See {Ratio}.] 1. A fixed daily allowance of provisions assigned to a soldier in the army, or a sailor in the navy, for …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • ration — [n] allotment of limited supply allowance, apportionment, assignment, bit, consignment, cut, distribution, division, dole, drag, food, helping, measure, meed, part, piece of action*, portion, provender, provision, quantum, quota, share, store,… …   New thesaurus

  • Ration — Ra tion, v. t. To supply with rations, as a regiment. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Ration — Ration, 1) die einem Dienstpferde reglementmäßig zukommende tägliche Portion Heu u. Hafer. Man hat schwere R n, welche meist im Kriege aus 33/4 Berliner Metzen Hafer, u. leichte R n, welche aus 31/4 Metzen bestehen. Zu jeder gehören 3 Pfund Heu u …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Ratĭon — (franz.), bestimmter Anteil, besonders militärisch die Menge Futter, die einem Dienstpferde täglich zukommt. Die Kriegsration beträgt im deutschen Heer 6000 g Hafer, 1500 g Heu und 1500 g Futterstroh, die Friedensration wird als große und kleine… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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